Textbooks have long divided the brain into dozens of discrete areas, each with its own set of functions. Students learn that the hippocampus is crucial for learning and memory. The cerebellum coordinates movements. The prefrontal cortex is the seat of higher cognition, handling processes such as decision-making._ Tim Requarth / SIMONS FOUNDATION
An amputee feels rough or smooth textures in real-time — in his phantom hand — using an artificial fingertip connected to nerves in the arm. The advancement will accelerate the development of touch enabled prosthetics._EPFL
Today, the US-based Allen Institute is releasing a set of 40 computer models of neurons from the mouse visual cortex, created using tools developed by the Swiss-based Blue Brain Project at EPFL. _EPFL
Damage in specific brain structures has been found to be associated with a greater risk of depressive symptoms in late life according to research from the University of Aberdeen.__University of Aberdeen
Neuroscientists know that some connections in the brain are pruned through neural development. Function gives rise to structure, according to the textbooks. But scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have discovered that the textbooks might be wrong._Virginia Tech
“It opens up genetic manipulations in a much larger number of specific cell types and saves a huge amount of time and money,” said Cepko. “The more we know about how cells function, the better we can understand disease and development, allowing us to design more effective therapies.”_ HMS
Scientists have identified a critical function of what they believe to be schizophrenia’s “Rosetta Stone” gene that could hold the key to decoding the function of all genes involved in the disease.